india

  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/taxonomy/taxonomy.pages.inc on line 33.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_row() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/flag/flag.module on line 1357.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_row() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/flag/flag.module on line 1357.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_array() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/flag/flag.module on line 1433.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_array() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/flag/flag.module on line 1433.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_array() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/flag/flag.module on line 1433.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 607.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 607.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_term_node_tid::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/modules/taxonomy/views_handler_filter_term_node_tid.inc on line 302.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 24.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 134.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 134.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 744.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc on line 159.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_page::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin_display_page::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 297.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_page::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 297.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_block::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 78.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_attachment::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin_display_attachment::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 242.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_attachment::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 242.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_ical::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin_display_page::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/calendar/calendar_ical/calendar_plugin_display_ical.inc on line 217.
  • strict warning: Declaration of date_handler_field_multiple::pre_render() should be compatible with content_handler_field_multiple::pre_render($values) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/date/date/date_handler_field_multiple.inc on line 185.

Taxes: Price of Civilization or Tribute to Leviathan?

There are two dominant narratives about taxation. One is that taxes are the “price we pay for a civilized society” (Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.). Read more »

Taxes: Price of Civilization or Tribute to Leviathan?

Taxes are either loved or hated: they're seen either as promoting social equality or retarding economic growth. Yamini Aiyar and Lant Pritchett add nuance to this picture and look at the productive and unproductive role taxes play in an Indian context.  

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How Much Does India Spend Per Student on Elementary Education?

Recent years have seen significant changes in the landscape of elementary education (EE) in India. Yet, updated estimates on public and private expenditure on EE are not available. Read more »

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Publication Name: 
How Much Does India Spend Per Student on Elementary Education?
Publication Author: 
Ambrish Dongre, Avani Kapur and Vibhu Tewary

Impact of Private Tutoring on Learning Levels: Evidence from India

Despite widespread and substantial private expenditure on private tutoring outside the formal school system in many developing countries, not much is known about their effects on learning outcomes. Read more »

Publication Name: 
Impact of Private Tutoring on Learning Levels: Evidence from India
Publication Author: 
Ambrish Dongre and Vibhu Tewary

Spectators or Participants? Examining the Effects of Social Audits on Citizen-State Relations and the Local Politics of Corruption in Andhra Pradesh

How does a hierarchical, top-down state respond to efforts to become directly accountable to its citizens? This paper analyses this question through India’s experience with implementing social audits for the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) in the state of Andhra Pradesh (AP), India. Read more »

Publication Name: 
Spectators or Participants? Examining the Effects of Social Audits on Citizen-State Relations and the Local Politics of Corruption in Andhra Pradesh
Publication Author: 
Yamini Aiyar and Soumya Kapoor Mehta

Whistleblowers: Whose Protection?

Posted on:02-08-13

Shailey Tucker, Accountability Initiative

As the debate rages on about whether or not US whistleblower Edward Snowden should be extradited from Russia to the USA and about the protection he deserves (or not) for leaking sensitive data on the National Security Agency (NSA)’s surveillance activities, questions have arisen in my mind these past few weeks about the kinds of legal provisions that exist in different countries for the protection of whistleblowers. Recent articles and debates centre more on whether Snowden even qualifies as a whistleblower (see here and here). Questions remain as to why countries such as Russia, Nicaragua and Venezuela have offered Snowden protection, especially with the threat of US sanctions. This blog, however, offers a quick comparison of the legislation enacted or proposed in select countries to encourage and protect public interest disclosure. Read more »

How is Janani Suraksha Yojana performing in backward districts of India? - Part 2

Posted on:19-02-13

Ambrish Dongre and Avani Kapur, Accountability Initiative

As mentioned previously, this blog post discusses the findings from the PAHELI survey with respect to the JSY.

1. Institutional and home deliveries

Out of 3178 deliveries, 48% deliveries took place in government facilities, 9.5% in private facilities, and 42.5% deliveries took place at home (table 1A)[1]. The proportion of deliveries in government facilities is highest in Sundargarh and Rajgarh, followed by Udaipur. Korba, Gumla and Hardoi perform the worst. Read more »

How is Janani Suraksha Yojana performing in backward districts of India? - Part 1

Posted on:14-02-13

Ambrish Dongre and Avani Kapur

The Government of India (GoI) has ambitious plans “to transfer individual benefits from the Government directly into the bank accounts of beneficiaries”[1]. This has given rise to intense debates and discussions on direct cash transfers as a policy tool to administer social-welfare objectives of the government. Unfortunately, there has been a limited discussion of the evidence from cash transfer schemes currently in operation in India. This 4-part blog-post, based on a forthcoming working paper, partially fills this gap by analysing the performance of Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), a conditional cash transfer scheme aimed at promoting institutional delivery by providing money to women if they deliver in medical facilities. Incentives are also given to the local community health workers, Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs), if they facilitate such deliveries. The data for this exercise comes from PAHELI, a unique attempt to rapidly assess the status of human development, including maternal and child health, in some of the most backward districts in India (click here, here and here to know more about PAHELI)[2]. Read more »

Mid-Day Meal Scheme: The Story So Far

Posted on:06-11-12

Shailey Tucker, Accountability Initiative

Upon completion of our survey of the Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDMS) in two states a few months ago – the names of which shall be revealed in due course of time! – my colleagues Ambrish and Mehjabeen shared their thoughts on how monitoring of the MDMS can be improved (see here and here). Since we’re now immersed in the analysis of our survey data, let me take some time to share with you what the literature available on the scheme tells us so far. Read more »