expenditure on education

  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/taxonomy/taxonomy.pages.inc on line 33.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_row() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/flag/flag.module on line 1357.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_row() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/flag/flag.module on line 1357.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_array() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/flag/flag.module on line 1433.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_array() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/flag/flag.module on line 1433.
  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_array() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/flag/flag.module on line 1433.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 607.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 607.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_term_node_tid::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/modules/taxonomy/views_handler_filter_term_node_tid.inc on line 302.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 24.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 134.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 134.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 744.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc on line 159.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_page::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin_display_page::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 297.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_page::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 297.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_block::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 78.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_attachment::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin_display_attachment::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 242.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_attachment::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 242.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_ical::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin_display_page::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/calendar/calendar_ical/calendar_plugin_display_ical.inc on line 217.
  • strict warning: Declaration of date_handler_field_multiple::pre_render() should be compatible with content_handler_field_multiple::pre_render($values) in /home/accountindia/webapps/demo/modules/date/date/date_handler_field_multiple.inc on line 185.

How Much Does India Spend Per Student on Elementary Education?

Recent years have seen significant changes in the landscape of elementary education (EE) in India. Yet, updated estimates on public and private expenditure on EE are not available. Read more »

Upload PDF's: 
Publication Name: 
How Much Does India Spend Per Student on Elementary Education?
Publication Author: 
Ambrish Dongre, Avani Kapur and Vibhu Tewary

Unpacking India’s Education Budget: PAISA 2010

Posted on:15-01-11

Yamini Aiyar, Avani Kapur and Anit Mukherjee

India’s education budget more than doubled in the last five years increasing from Rs 152,847 crores in FY 2004-05 to Rs 372,813 crores in FY 2009-10. An estimated 45 percent (figures for FY 2008-09) of education expenditures are now dedicated to elementary education. However, close scrutiny of India’s education system reveals a sobering truth – that this large investment has been spent poorly. And as the ASER report reminds us year after year, increased investments have failed to improve education outcomes. Despite significant financial investments, India’s education system is in fact, as characterized rather aptly by economist Lant Pritchett, in a ‘big Stuck’. What explains this ‘Stuck’? and how do we reverse this trend? To answer this question we need to understand the processes through which increased investments translate in to action. Critical to this are the links between plans, allocations and expenditures: how are resources allocated to states? What are the links between allocations and plans? How do funds flow through the system to arrive at their final destination? What are the link Read more »s between school needs and increased expenditures?